Submit a New Listing
Online Resources for Upcoming Competitions & Exhibitions
Call For Entry (CaFE):  Online list of calls for art. You can request to subscribe to a monthly email listing art competitions - some include photography and some do not. https://www.callforentry.org/
Lenscratch:  This is excellent, one of the best resources for fine art photography contests and exhibitions.  Daily M-F newsletter about photography and photographers - large listing of photographers by name, genre, state, etc. Resource page has a "massive list" of fine art photo exhibitions around the country and some international. http://lenscratch.com/resources/callsforentry/
Photo Contest Insider:  Listings for many international and national photo contests.  You can subscribe for a regular email with notification of upcoming deadlines for submissions. https://www.photocontestinsider.com/
The Photo Review:  While primarily a publication with calls for art and lots of info about ongoing photography exhibitions, also has an annual competition with exhibition of winners in Philadelphia gallery space. http://www.photoreview.org/wordpressindex/

Local Area Competitions & Exhibitions
Abington Art Center, Abington, PA:  Annual juried art show (painting, sculpture, and photography) and sometimes a photography-only show.  Also has solo series opportunity for four artists to exhibit in their galleries. https://abingtonartcenter.org/calls-for-artists/
ArtsQuest - Invision annual juried show, Bethlehem, PA:  Info on Nov-Dec 2019 show - https://www.bananafactory.org/event/9304/9th-annual-invision-juried-photo-based-art-exhibition/
Da Vinci Art Alliance (DVAA), Philadelphia, PA:  Annual photo show in January (Open Lens) and several other calls for art that includes painting, sculpture as well as photography. https://davinciartalliance.org/
Gallery 14, Hopewell, NJ:  Annual juried exhibition with call for art in Spring. https://www.gallery14.org/Juried-Show
Medford ARTS Center, Medford, NJ:  Just Photography show. Current call for art closes Feb 7 (digital) and Feb 10 (print). https://www.medfordarts.com/2020-just-photography.html
Monmouth Museum, Lincroft, NJ: Museum and galleries; photography show Sep-Nov. Current calls for art coming soon. https://monmouthmuseum.org/artists/callforentries/call-for-entries/
PA Center for Photography, Doylestown, PA:  Two annual shows, usually in November (Transformations) and February (Odyssey). Current call for art closes Feb 18. http://www.pacenterforphotography.org/
Perkins Center for the Arts, Moorestown, NJ:  Annual photography show in late winter.  Current call for art closes Jan 19, 2020. https://perkinsarts.org/event/photography-39/
Philadelphia Photo Arts Center, Philadelphia, PA:  Annual Contemporary Photography Competition for two featured artists to exhibit in gallery plus $5000; also has an artist in residence. https://www.philaphotoarts.org/apply/
Phillips Mill Photographic Exhibition, New Hope, PA:  Annual show in Spring.  Current call for art closes Feb 28. https://www.phillipsmillphoto.com/call-for-art
Pinelands Preservation Alliance, Southampton, NJ:  The annual Pinelands photo contest. https://pinelandsalliance.org/call-for-entries-juried-photo-contest/
Wilmington International Exhibition of Photography (WIEPC):  Annual photography juried PSA competition with prints and digital projects shown at University of Delaware campus in Wilmington, DE.  Call for art closes on Jan 27, 2020. http://www.wilmingtoninternational.org/
Woodmere Art Museum, Chestnut Hill, PA:  Annual juried art show (painting, sculpture, and photography). https://woodmereartmuseum.org/experience/exhibitions/

Small Galleries with Monthly-to-Quarterly Competitions & Exhibitions
Typically 3-5 images for $30-40 and some offer printing/matting/framing services so that you don't have to (but can) ship a framed print.
A Smith Gallery, Johnson City, TX:  Current call for art: “the imperfect lens” - closes Jan 27, 2020.
Praxis Photo Arts Center, Minneapolis, MN:  Current call for art: Words, Words, Words - closes Dec 31, 2019.
https://asmithgallery.com/salon-call-for-entry/
Griffin Museum of Photography, Boston, MA:  Multiple galleries for photography with annual juried show and other opportunities. No current call for art. https://griffinmuseum.org/
Manifest, Cincinnati, OH:  Gallery for all visual media including photography. Current call for art: INPHA8 is a book/publication opportunity - closes Dec 31, 2019. http://www.manifestgallery.org/about/submit.html
NY Center for Photographic Arts (NYC4PA), NYC:  Some contests result in exhibition at a NY gallery; others are online galleries.  Current call for art: Water - closes jan 26, 2020. https://www.nyc4pa.com/
PhotoPlace Gallery, Middlebury, VT:  Current call for art: Black & White - closes Dec 9, 2019. https://photoplacegallery.com/
Plymouth Center for the Arts, Plymouth, MA:  Current call for art: Phonography - closes Dec 31, 2019. https://plymouthguild.org/
Praxis Photo Arts Center, Minneapolis, MN:  Current call for art: Empty Spaces, Abandoned Places - closes Nov 30, 2019. https://www.praxisphotocenter.org/calls-for-entry
RI Center for Photographic Arts, Providence, RI:  No current call for art. https://www.riphotocenter.org/
SE Center for Photography, Greenville, SC:  Current call for art: Black, White and More - closes Jan 5, 2020. https://www.sec4p.com/calls

Large National and International Competitions & Exhibitions
Here are a few of note - there are many!
Aperture - Portfolio Prize:  Opportunity to exhibit in NYC - $3000 prize.  Not currently open - link is to this year's prize winner opening Dec 5. https://aperture.org/2019-portfolio-prize-winner/
Black & White Magazine:  Publishes photo winners of several contests throughout the year in their magazine.  Annual contests include Single B&W images; B&W portfolio.series; and several others. Current call for art: Portfolios - closes Jan 15, 2020.  https://www.bandwmag.com/
International Photography Awards (IPA):  This has multiple genres and both single and portfolio/series entries. Currently open themed competition (Movement) - Single-image entry - Deadline March 15, 2020. https://www.photoawards.com/exhibitions
Life Framer Photography Prize:  High-profile names for jurors, $24,000 in prizes, four exhibition opportunities.  Twelve monthly competitions. Current call for art is Night Life, closes Jan 31, 2020. https://www.life-framer.com/ 
Photo District News (PDN):  Multiple contests and exhibitions with publication in the PDN magazine.  These open and close throughout the year. https://pdnonline.com/contests/
Sony World Photography Awards:  Like IPA, has multiple categories, gets thousands of submissions.  Current call closes on Jan 7, 2020. https://www.worldphoto.org/sony-world-photography-awards

Other Venues
Your Daily Photograph:  Provides a daily email with a featured vintage/famous print as well as two photos from submissions.  Photo collectors get the email and purchase prints.  Several local photographers have been featured and some have sold prints through this venue.  Submission is free - calls for art are sent out around every two months. https://www.yourdailyphotograph.com/